The Liban Quarry was originally a limestone quarry (first establised by the "Liban and Ehrenpreis" company in 1873). In the 19th century buildings were constructed, and even a railway line. But when the German Nazis occupied Kraków, they turned it into a Nazi labour camp (between 1942 and 1944).
Over 800 Polish people were kept there during WWII. It is probably more famous nowadays though because of the 1993 film "Schindler's List". Although the film is set in Płaszów, they actually did the filming in the Liban Quarry, and made it look like the Płaszów concentration camp.
Most of the set was removed once they finished filming, but some parts are left behind (such as the remains of the fence). When walking around the area you end up walking on Jewish gravestones (they are lying on the floor) - but they are not genuine gravestones, they are also from the Schindler's List set.
Getting to the area of the quarry is easy (it is very close to Krakus Mound - which attracts many tourists), but actually getting into the quarry is a bit hard. It isn't exactly a tourist attraction, and there are fences around it. However, if you decide that you want to check it out (and do so at your own risk!) read below about how we went exploring there...
We explored Liban Quarry a few months ago (late 2015), here are some photos and an explanation.
Use any information on this page at your own risk. We do not recommend going down there - it isn't safe, and you never know who or what else is down there. Also, you probably aren't allowed to be there! Proceed at your own risk, we are not responsible for anything that happens from you reading this page!
We started by heading to Krakus Mound. Krakus Mound is a well known tourist attraction - so finding this was easy. Even if you don't want to go to the quarry it is worth checking out Krakus Mound, you get some great views of the city from it (and it is an easy walk to the top of the mound).
We had actually been to Krakus mound previously and saw the Liban Quarry buildings from a distance (see next photo), but at that time we didn't know what they were.
But once we had finished looking at the quarry from a distance, it was time to work out how to get into it.
If you face away from the mound you should see something like the following photo. You want to follow the path (that leads left in the following photo).
Along this fence are a few signs, such as:
Once you are on the right trail, if you look behind you should see this:
The next bit is hard to explain (even with photos, as there are no real landmarks or anything that can help guide you), but you want to walk along that trail but soon make a right turn.
When we were there we passed 2 other groups (coming the other way) and we asked them. One told us the wrong direction (I don't think they understood us), but once we walked back and spotted another group they told us the correct way.
It takes quite a while to get down to the same level as the quarry (and then you have to actually walk towards the quarry). The view from the start (where the fence photos are) is deceptive - it takes much longer than you would think. But it is fun exploring the area!
Soon though we found an abandoned building:
As we still hadn't found the quarry yet (we knew we were close though), we spent a bit of time near this building.
Once we carried on walking we approached a tiny pond/marsh area. (We managed to get around it without getting our feet wet)
Getting closer... we saw more signs of human activity (even if it did date back many decades...)
You have to use these stairs to continue on to find the quarry:
Soon we were close to the first proper quarry related buildings:
We spotted some poles, that looked like they were remains from fences. We didn't know it at the time, but they were just leftovers from filming the Schindler's List movie, and did not date back to the Nazi occupation.
When we came across these tombstones on the floor it was a bit creepy. But afterwards we learned that they were not real - they were from the Schindler's List film again!
We found more buildings, as we walked behind the big structures (from previous photos) to get a bit closer or even climb up them:
After walking past that building we had ended up a bit higher, and 'behind' the metal quarry structures:
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Read about exploring the abandoned Liban Quarry (and ex Nazi labour work camp)